Basic General Knowledge GK Questions-Answers of Jammu and Kashmir

Important Points for all J&K Exams

About Jammu and Kashmir

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Jammu and Kashmir J&K  is a state in northern India, often denoted by its acronym, J&K. It is located mostly in the Himalayan mountains, and shares borders with the states of Himachal Pradesh and Punjab to the south. The Line of Control separates it from the Pakistani-administered territories of Azad Kashmir and Gilgit-Baltistan in the west and north respectively, and a Line of Actual Control separates it from the Chinese-administered territory of Aksai Chin in the east. The state has special autonomy under Article 370 of the Constitution of India.

Jammu and Kashmir consist of three regions: Jammu, the Kashmir Valley and Ladakh. Srinagar is the summer capital, and Jammu is the winter capital. Jammu and Kashmir is the only state in India with a Muslim-majority population.

  • The Kashmir valley is famous for its beautiful mountainous landscape,
  • Jammu’s numerous shrines attract tens of thousands of Hindu pilgrims every year while
  • Ladakh, is renowned for its remote mountain beauty and Buddhist culture.

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 Symbols of J&K states

symbol of J&K State

Basic General Knowledge Questions-Answers of Jammu and Kashmir

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Jammu and Kashmir
CapitalSrinagar (March – October) Jammu (October – March)
Formed onAdmitted to India on 26 October 1947
Districts22
LanguageUrdu, Kashmiri, Hindi.
Known as/for

Heaven of India

India’s northern-most state

The largest producer of saffron in India

Article 370 of the Indian constitution grants special autonomous status to the state of
Jammu and Kashmir.

Physical
Characteristics

Lies between six mountain ranges

-Zanskar Range
-Karakorum & Kyun Lun Range
-Amarnath Range
-Tosmaidan Range
`-Pir Panjal Range
-Shivalik Range

Comprises of three regions:

 the foothill plains of Jammu
 the lakes and blue valleys of Kashmir rising to alpine passes
 the high altitude plains & starkly beautiful mountains of Ladakh which lies beyond narrow passes

Home to several Himalayan glaciers.

Natural
Vegetation
Cold desert in the north-east which converts
to Himalayan moist temperate through the
alpine and sub-alpine vegetation when
gradually moving to the south and south-west
Major
Rivers

-Indus flowing from Tibetan plateau & Gar Tsangpo to the Arabian Sea & Rann of Kutch

-Tawi flowing from Kailash Kund glacier to the Chenab

-Ravi flowing from Chamba in Himachal Pradesh to the Indus

-Chenab flowing from Bara Lacha pass to the Sutlej

Major
Regional
Festivals
-Hemis festival – a Buddhist festival of Ladakh
-Urs also known as Ziarats – a Kashmiri Muslim festival
-Sindhu (Indus) DarshanAmarnath Yatra
Major
Art Forms

Basohli paintings, Kasida embroidery

Music: Sufiana Kalam, Hafiz Nagma, Ladishah, Chakri

Dance: Kud, Dumhal, Rouf, Bhand Pather

IndustrySericulture (Silk Textile),
Carpet Making, Horticulture (Apples, Cherries, Walnuts, etc.),
Papier Mache, Manufacturing Sports Goods,Cement Industry.
MineralsBauxite, lime stone, coal
AgriculturePaddy, wheat, fruit, saffron, cumin, etc.
Geographical indicationsKani shawl, Kashmir Pashmina,
Kashmir Sozani Craft, Kashmir Papier Mache,
Kashmir Walnut Wood Carving,
Khatamband, Hand knotted carpet
State animalKashmir Stag
State birdBlack Necked Crane
State flowerSacred Lotus (N. Nucifera)
Important
historical sites

Harappan civilization – Manda, Akhnoor

Burzahom (a hub of different cultures belonging to Periods I, II, III and IV, Neolithic, Megalithic and other Historical periods)

Sun Temple at Kartanda, Caves and Temples of BumzuvaChakradhar Ancient Sites,
Pambaran Ancient Site Remains

World
heritage sites
Ramsar sitesHokersar Wetland, Surinsar-Mansar Lakes, Tsomoriri,
Wular Lake – the largest freshwater lake in India
Biodiversity
hotspots
Endemic
bird areas
Western Himalaya
Bird
sanctuaries
National
parks
Dachigam National Park, KishtwarNational Park, City Forest or Salim National Park, Hemis National Park
Biosphere
Reserve
Wildlife
sanctuaries
Surinsar Mansar Wildlife Sanctuary, Nandi Wildlife Sanctuary, Overa Wildlife
Sanctuary, Ram Nagar Wildlife Sanctuary, Hirpora Wildlife Sanctuary
Tiger reserve

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