Important Points for all J&K Exams
About Jammu and Kashmir
Jammu and Kashmir J&K is a state in northern India, often denoted by its acronym, J&K. It is located mostly in the Himalayan mountains, and shares borders with the states of Himachal Pradesh and Punjab to the south. The Line of Control separates it from the Pakistani-administered territories of Azad Kashmir and Gilgit-Baltistan in the west and north respectively, and a Line of Actual Control separates it from the Chinese-administered territory of Aksai Chin in the east. The state has special autonomy under Article 370 of the Constitution of India.
Jammu and Kashmir consist of three regions: Jammu, the Kashmir Valley and Ladakh. Srinagar is the summer capital, and Jammu is the winter capital. Jammu and Kashmir is the only state in India with a Muslim-majority population.
- The Kashmir valley is famous for its beautiful mountainous landscape,
- Jammu’s numerous shrines attract tens of thousands of Hindu pilgrims every year while
- Ladakh, is renowned for its remote mountain beauty and Buddhist culture.
Symbols of J&K states
Basic General Knowledge Questions-Answers of Jammu and Kashmir
|Jammu and Kashmir|
|Capital||Srinagar (March – October) Jammu (October – March)|
|Formed on||Admitted to India on 26 October 1947|
|Language||Urdu, Kashmiri, Hindi.|
Heaven of India
India’s northern-most state
The largest producer of saffron in India
Article 370 of the Indian constitution grants special autonomous status to the state of
Jammu and Kashmir.
Lies between six mountain ranges
-Karakorum & Kyun Lun Range
`-Pir Panjal Range
Comprises of three regions:
– the foothill plains of Jammu
– the lakes and blue valleys of Kashmir rising to alpine passes
– the high altitude plains & starkly beautiful mountains of Ladakh which lies beyond narrow passes
Home to several Himalayan glaciers.
|Cold desert in the north-east which converts|
to Himalayan moist temperate through the
alpine and sub-alpine vegetation when
gradually moving to the south and south-west
-Indus flowing from Tibetan plateau & Gar Tsangpo to the Arabian Sea & Rann of Kutch
-Tawi flowing from Kailash Kund glacier to the Chenab
-Ravi flowing from Chamba in Himachal Pradesh to the Indus
-Chenab flowing from Bara Lacha pass to the Sutlej
|-Hemis festival – a Buddhist festival of Ladakh|
-Urs also known as Ziarats – a Kashmiri Muslim festival
-Sindhu (Indus) Darshan, Amarnath Yatra
Basohli paintings, Kasida embroidery
Music: Sufiana Kalam, Hafiz Nagma, Ladishah, Chakri
Dance: Kud, Dumhal, Rouf, Bhand Pather
|Industry||Sericulture (Silk Textile),|
Carpet Making, Horticulture (Apples, Cherries, Walnuts, etc.),
Papier Mache, Manufacturing Sports Goods,Cement Industry.
|Minerals||Bauxite, lime stone, coal|
|Agriculture||Paddy, wheat, fruit, saffron, cumin, etc.|
|Geographical indications||Kani shawl, Kashmir Pashmina,|
Kashmir Sozani Craft, Kashmir Papier Mache,
Kashmir Walnut Wood Carving,
Khatamband, Hand knotted carpet
|State animal||Kashmir Stag|
|State bird||Black Necked Crane|
|State flower||Sacred Lotus (N. Nucifera)|
Harappan civilization – Manda, Akhnoor
Burzahom (a hub of different cultures belonging to Periods I, II, III and IV, Neolithic, Megalithic and other Historical periods)
Sun Temple at Kartanda, Caves and Temples of Bumzuva, Chakradhar Ancient Sites,
Pambaran Ancient Site Remains
|Ramsar sites||Hokersar Wetland, Surinsar-Mansar Lakes, Tsomoriri,|
Wular Lake – the largest freshwater lake in India
|Dachigam National Park, KishtwarNational Park, City Forest or Salim National Park, Hemis National Park|
|Surinsar Mansar Wildlife Sanctuary, Nandi Wildlife Sanctuary, Overa Wildlife|
Sanctuary, Ram Nagar Wildlife Sanctuary, Hirpora Wildlife Sanctuary
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