History, Geographical Structure of J&K Important points for JKSSB Exams.

History, Geographical Structure of J&K Important points for JKSSB Exams.


A part of the State of Jammu and Kashmir, the region is the subject of a dispute among China, India and Pakistan. Western districts of the former princely state known as Azad Kashmir and the northern territories known as Gilgit-Baltistan have been under Pakistani control since 1947. Below is the tabular description of the latest Administrative Structure of Jammu and Kashmir. 

Also Known As : The Kashmir Valley is also called paradise on Earth

Ruled By: Mugal, Afghans and Sikh, Raja Hari Singh(1895-1961)


Major Historical Events:

The act re-constituted the erstwhile state of Jammu and Kashmir as two union territories, ‘Jammu and Kashmir’ and ‘Ladakh’, with effect from 31 October 2019.

Geographical Structure

The Jammu and Kashmir is a UT of India, located in the northern part of the Indian subcontinent in the vicinity of the Karakoram and westernmost Himalayan mountain ranges. It has many valleys such as the Kashmir Valley, Tawi Valley, Chenab Valley, Punch Valley, Sind Valley and Lidder Valley. Below in this table, we have described all the essential Structural and physiographical divisions of Jammu and Kashmir.

J&K Bounded By

  • On the east by china
  • South by Himachal Pradesh and Punjab
  • West by the North-West Frontier Province and the Punjab Province of Pakistan
Soil & Minerals
  • Brown Forest Soils
  • Degraded of Grey Brown podzolic Soils
  • Red and yellow podzolic soils
  • Mountain Meadow soils
  • Lithosoils
Major Crops
Jammu Region: –Kashmir Region: –
Cereal CropsPaddy
Basmati RiceMaize
Rajma (Pulses)Orchards (Apple, almond, walnut, peach, Cherry etc)
Forest Area20230 sq km (20.23 lakh hectares)
ClimateIn the south around Jammu, the climate is typically monsoonal.
The climate of Ladakh is dry and cold.
  • Jhelum River
  • Indus River
  • Chenab River
  • Tawi River
  • Ravi River
  • Shyok River
  • Suru river
  • Baglihar Dam
  • Dulhasti dam
  • Kishenganga Dam
  • Nimoo Bazgo dam
  • Niu Karewa Storage Yusmarg Dam
  • Pakal Dul Dam
  • Salal Dam
  • Sewa St II Dam
  • Uri-II Dam
Major  Flora
  • Androsace sarmentosa
  • Carduus crispus
  • Echinochloa colona
  • Galium mahadivense
Major Fauna
  • Himalayan brown bear
  • Kashmir musk deer
  • Tibetan sand fox
  • Kashmir grey langur
  • Snow leopard

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